A Farewell to Alms

A Farewell to Alms

A Brief Economic History of the World

Book - 2007
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Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms , Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations.


Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education.


The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel , that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations.


A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood.


Publisher: Princeton : Princeton University Press, c2007
ISBN: 9780691121352
Branch Call Number: ANF 330.9 CLA
Characteristics: xii, 420 p. : ill. ; 25 cm

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joshsmith
Aug 31, 2017

I found this an extremely stimulating book. Sure, a lot of the issues are contentious. But the material is copious and well presented.

c
chuchu642
May 05, 2014

Although I disagree that institutions have little role in economic developement or growth, I have to give credit to the amount of research done. He has definitly convinced me that having a literate and skilled middle class in order to start a industrial revolution. However I would not downplay the role of a good govermental instutions to promote economic growth.

s
StarGladiator
Mar 15, 2014

While I also disagree with Jared Diamond, like the author, I believe Cain and Hopkins book on the British financial empire demolishes this book. It isn't always an either-or-situation as the author assumes. (For the author's premise to be correct, one must ignore all the slavery and thievery and resource theft from the predatory capitalists: opium wars, subjugating - - most definitely financially -- China, India, et cetera. - - does not jibe.)

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21288004246712
Apr 21, 2009

The Malthusian trap is informative, but the discussion of the industrial revolution (source and constrains) is contentious to say the least, labour efficiency as a central factor -- I have my doubts

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