A Curious Madness

A Curious Madness

An American Combat Psychiatrist, A Japanese War Crimes Suspect, and An Unsolved Mystery From World War II

Book - 2014
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From an 'illuminating and entertaining' (The New York Times) historian comes the World War II story of two men whose remarkable lives improbably converged at the Tokyo war crimes trials of 1946. In the wake of World War II, the Allied forces charged twenty-eight Japanese men with crimes against humanity. Correspondents at the Tokyo trial thought the evidence fell most heavily on ten of the accused. In December 1948, five of these defendants were hanged while four received sentences of life in prison. The tenth was a brilliant philosopher-patriot named Okawa Shumei. His story proved strangest of all. Among all the political and military leaders on trial, Okawa was the lone civilian. In the years leading up to World War II, he had outlined a divine mission for Japan to lead Asia against the West, prophesized a great clash with the United States, planned coups d'etat with military rebels, and financed the assassination of Japan's prime minister. Beyond 'all vestiges of doubt,' concluded a classified American intelligence report, 'Okawa moved in the best circles of nationalist intrigue.' Okawa's guilt as a conspirator appeared straightforward. But on the first day of the Tokyo trial, he made headlines around the world by slapping star defendant and wartime prime minister Tojo Hideki on the head. Had Okawa lost his sanity? Or was he faking madness to avoid a grim punishment? A U.S. Army psychiatrist stationed in occupied Japan, Major Daniel Jaffe -- the author's grandfather -- was assigned to determine Okawa's ability to stand trial, and thus his fate. Jaffe was no stranger to madness. He had seen it his whole life: in his mother, as a boy in Brooklyn; in soldiers, on the battlefields of Europe. Now his seasoned eye faced the ultimate test. If Jaffe deemed Okawa sane, the war crimes suspect might be hanged. But if Jaffe found Okawa insane, the philosopher patriot might escape justice for his role in promoting Japan's wartime aggression. Meticulously researched, A curious madness is both expansive in scope and vivid in detail. As the story pushes both Jaffe and Okawa toward their postwar confrontation, it explores such diverse topics as the roots of belligerent Japanese nationalism, the development of combat psychiatry during World War II, and the complex nature of postwar justice. Eric Jaffe is at his best in this suspenseful and engrossing historical narrative of the fateful intertwining of two men on different sides of the war and the world and the question of insanity.
Publisher: New York :, Scribner,, 2014
Edition: First Scribner hardcover edition
ISBN: 9781451612059
Branch Call Number: ANF 952.04092 JAF
Characteristics: ix, 304 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, map ; 24 cm

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m
MelatSCPL
Oct 08, 2016

While Eric Jaffe seeks to fill in gaps in his psychiatrist grandfather's life and explore the man's role in declaring a Japanese war criminal unfit to stand trial (a fascinating read in itself) he fills in several gaps in my understanding of pre-WWII Japan's social and political conditions that led them into conflict with the west, especially the UK and the US. A book well worth reading, history buffs!

i
IV27HUjg
Sep 25, 2015

What a surprisingly good read. There's so much history here: mental health in general & specifically in war; the rise & fall of 'Asianism' concept - East meets West with a twist. Parts of it I skimmed due to the great detail of personal life & beliefs, other parts I reread. As a reader of history, I was impressed with details this author offers. Recommend read.

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